The likelihood of matches like these at random between a work as large as Anthon’s and the Book of Mormon is high and there is no evidence that Joseph ever even looked at a book like this (although he seems to have been aware of Anthon). Still, this provides one reasonable source at the right time and place for many of the ‘kinds’ of names that appear in the Book of Mormon.

  1. Memnon → Mormon?

    • A war hero
    • led 10,000 men to battle in the Trojan war and won
    • died in a subsequent war
    • known as a writer and inventor of the alphabet
  2. Cremera → Cumorah?

    • An entire family line of 300 was wiped out there

      They came to a general engagement near the Cremera, in which all the family, consisting of 306 men, were totally slain, B.C. 477. There only remained one, whose tender age detained him at Rome, and from him arose the noble Fabii. The family was divided into six different branches, the Ambusti, the Maximi, the Vibulani, the Buteones, the Dorsones, and the Pictores…

  3. Helorum → Helorum

  4. Zeno → Zenos

  5. Sidon → Sidon

  6. Almamon → Alma?

  7. Melek → Melek

  8. Teanum → Teancum (Surrounded by ‘c’ names ‘Sidicinum’ and ‘Campania’)

  9. Paphus → Pachus

  10. Antion → Antion

  11. Antium → Antionum

  12. Corinthum → Coriantum

  13. Corinthium (top left of page) → Coriantumr

  14. Chemmis → Chemish

  15. Mosa → Mosiah

  16. omnis → Omni (not a placename)

  17. Pavorane → Pahoran

  18. Haliacmon → Helaman

  19. Zamora → Zarahemla

  20. Egyptus → Egyptus (Book of Abraham)

  21. Curium → Curelom

  22. Erythraeum (top left here) “a name applied by the Greeks to the whole ocean” → Irreantum “many waters”

  23. Nepherites → Nephites

  24. Antiparos → Antiparah

  25. Laconia → Lachoneus

  26. Ænos (top left) → Enos

  27. Æther → Ether

  28. Nea → Neas

  29. Marmarion → Morianton

  30. Gaditanum (lower right corner) → Gadianton

  31. Coron → Corom

  32. Morini (bottom right here) → Moroni

The dictionary also contains sections of Egyptian culture and Egyptian theology. Joseph Smith would by this book alone knew that the word Nephi (from Nephirites) was of Egyptian origin (page 520).

h/t: /u/askchris and /u/nopey23