Introduction

Richard Bushman, well-known Mormon historian, recently stated:

… there is phrasing everywhere–long phrases that if you google them you will find them in 19th century writings. The theology of the Book of Mormon is very much 19th century theology, and it reads like a 19th century understanding of the Hebrew Bible as an Old Testament …

And Blake Ostler, another well-known Mormon scholar, has noted:

Many Book of Mormon doctrines are best explained by the nineteenth-century theological milieu.

It appears that many, if not all, theological doctrines and themes advanced in the Book of Mormon had close precursors, variants, or a deep foundation in, the theology and thought of the early 1800s.

Shorter documents with more narrow focus

Each of these analyses is significant in its own right, but these are comparatively minor compilations and analyses. Please consult the extensive compilations to fully appreciate the extent of the parallels.

  1. Echoes (pdf)
  2. Of The State of the Dead Chapter III compared to selected verses from Alma 40 (relevant text) (churchistrue)
  3. 19th Century Protestant Phrases in the Book of Mormon (churchistrue)
  4. Anachronistic Christian Doctrine (churchistrue)
  5. Similarities with Jonathon Edwards Sr/Jr sermons
  6. Moroni quotes sections of Mark that are of dubious origin (bwv549)
  7. The Book of Ether and A Key to the Chronology of the Hindus (Keri Toponce)
  8. 650 phrases from the New Testament in the BoM (BYU Professor Nick Frederick)

Extensive compilations or analyses

  1. The Book of Mormon’s dependence on the KJV (ImTheMarmotKing)
  2. Similarities with late war and analysis
  3. Historical Influences and Religious Influences (Thomas Donofrio)
  4. Indian Origins and the Book of Mormon (Dan Vogel)
  5. New Approaches to the Book of Mormon
  6. Comparative literature studies by Colby Townsend:
  7. The Book of Mormon: A Voice from 19th Century Dust (Ray Anderson)
  8. Mormon Parallels (Rick Grunder)
  9. King James Verses in the Book of Mormon
  10. Book of Mormon Origins project
  11. Anti-universalist Rhetoric in the Book of Mormon (Dan Vogel)
  12. Digging in Cumorah (Mark D. Thomas) (review by Grant Hardy)

See also

Above are a few of the most important sources and analyses, but many more can be found here:

Other pre-1830 sources reminiscent of the Book of Mormon